2012年12月英语四级作文真题及范文

巴士英语更新于2015-03-10 18:56  浏览  手机访问

手机扫二维码访问该网页

 

  英语四级作文答案解析(新东方版)金凌虹老师

  题目来源:

  美国劳工部(united states department of labor)官网

  Bureau of labor statistics劳工统计局在2012年3月23日

  发布的“教育回报”数据表

  Education pays教育回报(暂定)

  图表说明:全英文,无中文翻译和提示

  Education Pays, published every three years, presents detailed evidence of the private and public benefits of higher education. It also sheds light on the distribution of these benefits by examining both the increases and the persistent disparities in college participation and completion. In the three years between the publication of Education Pays 2007 and Education Pays 2010, median earnings for four-year college graduates increased more rapidly than those of high school graduates and the gap between the unemployment rates of the two groups grew. In addition to earnings comparisons, the report documents differences in lifestyles, health, and other outcomes for people with and without college education. Differences in enrollment and completion patterns across demographic groups highlight the reality that gaps in educational attainment are explained by a combination of money and other factors.

  小虹翻译:教育回报,每隔三年发布一次。它显示了高等教育所能带来的私人和公共利益的详细的证据。同时,通过考查大学入学与毕业方面的增长和长期的差异,它也阐明了由高等教育带来的这些利益的分布状况。在2007年和2009年教育回报发布后的中间三年,受过四年大学教育的高校毕业生的平均收入的增长要快于高中毕业生,并且,这两者间的失业率的差距也加大了。除了收入对比之外,这份报告也显示了是否拥有大学学历给人们的生活方式,健康和其他因素造成的差异。人群的教育入学和教育完成模式(是否上大学、是否大学顺利毕业)的差异强调了一个事实,那就是,教育程度的不同所带来的差距,是可以通过收入和其他多种因素来解释的。

  From the bar chart given above, we can observe that it reflects the statistics of income among people of different educational background. Those who possess a doctoral degree earn 1,551dollars median weekly, ranking first among people of other education level. The median weekly earnings of people with associate degree and below can not reach the average of 797 dollars, ranking from 768 dollars to 451 dollars. As for the unemployment rate, 2.5 % of people with doctoral degree will suffer form unemployment. However, the unemployment rate of people with some college, no degree and lower degree surpass the mean value of7.6%, ranking from 8.7% to 14.1%.

  The bar chart of Education Pays reveals a phenomenon that there exits some difference in incomes and unemployment rate among people with different educational level. Quite a few reasons can account for this phenomenon: for one thing, with the advancement of technology and the adjustment of industrial structure, quite a few high-tech industries emerge overnight, which leads to a soar demand of workforces with high educational degree, thus, it is natural that graduates with bachelor’ and higher degree get a high pay-packet and enjoy a stable job. Additionally, those with educational background under associate degree are easily dismissed and paid by low salary. They can be replaced any time due to the fact that their jobs are easy and can be finished by average people.

  Definitely, the higher education degree you get, the more likely you are to enjoy a competitive edge in the employment market. Thus, the authorities should enforce some policies to ensure the equity of education. Only in this way can more people lead a stable and comfortable life.

网友评论

()交流QQ群238230767

猜你喜欢

热点推荐

猜你感兴趣